brettI06: Film Narrative

posted on 23 Nov 2012 14:11 by uncommon-nonsense in brett

* หมายเหตุ: entry ที่มีคำว่า brett ไม่ใช่บล็อกธรรมดา แต่เป็นการ รีวิว ติว อ่านสอบ ของวิชา Selected Studies in Cultural Studies I

 

Lecture 6: Film Narratives

 

Cinema is an invention without future – Louis Lumiere

 

Novelty with no eexprctation of durability – Thomas Edison

คนสมัยก่อนไม่คิดว่า "หนัง" จะเป็นอะไรที่อยู่ได้นาน นึกว่ามาแล้วก็จะไป เป็นแค่เทรนด์

 

-Cinema of attraction – Tom Gunning

showcase wizardry of technology

-emphasis on showing scene, technology rather than context

 

-At it's origin:

Largely unconstructed & diffuse

Aesthetically kaleidoscopic, even random

Syntagm of sign without paradigm or code

 

 

To become a signifying practice:

had to be strutured

had to develop a conventionalized system of rules/codes

had to create cinematic language & grammar, a formal style

 

developed a range of competing 'dialects'


 

Classical Hollywood Cinema.

Became global dominant system

mainstream dominant cinema

institutional mode of representation

classic realist cinema

popular narrative cinema

 

 

CLASSICAL

principal: clarity, simplicity, order, economy, coherance, symmetry, unity

 

REALIST

cinema that pitches for reality effect

simulate or reproduce commonly held notion of real

-mimetic --> produce impression of reality

-audience identification with fictional world

-suspense of disbelief

we acknowledge that it is man-made, but tend to forget that

 

 

 

NARRATIVES

-story-based media

narrative structure --> narration

story contruction --> story telling

 

Principal of narratives stucture:

-unified & linear

:chain of events in cause-effect relationship occuring in time&space

A cause B cause C

 

-order&symmetry

:A-B-A (order – disorder-reorder) conflict rise & put down

 

-character centered

:individual, consistent, rounded, psychologized

 

-goal driven & achieve absolute “closure”

 

 

Principal of Narration:

-cinematic narration IS CINEMATIC

full range of its multiply codes to narrate/ignify

ex. Cinematography, dialogue, perf, music, sound

 

Film style: the narrator

“element of style serve to shape narrative”

cinematic narration: transparent & clear, excessively obvious cinema

(omniscient) all-knowing

 

 

Economic Presentation

rule in mainstream cinmea

all elements of film must function to produce & prepel narrative meaning

 

Unobtrusive

invisible story-teller

conceal its enunciative mechanism (spoken out)

 

 

ANTI-CLASSICAL

opposition to classical realist form

(avant-garde, art cinema, political, cinema vertile, even porn)

anti-narrative

refuse to tells tory, disorder sequence, aperture

anti-realist

breal spell of mimesis, direct address, show construction of text

anti-individualist

collective as hero, history as protagonist

 

 

POST-CLASSICAL

collapse of studio system, rise of indy

industrial reorganization of Hollywood into multimedia MNC challence the primary of classical realism as dominant mode

film = part of multimedia commodity complex (block buster, merchandising, spin off)

fragmentation of mass audience

niche markets (youth, cult, subcult., arthouse)

impacs of new technology

digital effect, spectacle vs narrative, film=theme ride

post-modern style

formal pluralism, multiply narratives, narrational ambiguity, stylistic exhibitionism

 


 

CONCLUSION:
cinema developed various signifying systerm

most dominant = hollywood classical

largely defined by classical realist narratives

govern by range of codes & convention at level of both narrative structive & narration

competing system of film signification

 

edit @ 23 Nov 2012 14:26:30 by uncommon-nonsense

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